Learning Disabilities refer to the dysfunction of the central nervous system, resulting in the difficulties in one’s abilities of reading and writing, comprehension, memory, calculation, organization, reasoning or concentration etc., which lead to significant difficulties and limitations in one’s learning.

Learning disabilities include attention deficit, learning difficulties, memory disorder, spelling and writing disabilities etc. Students with learning disabilities have the same intelligence as, some even higher than, ordinary people. Most students with learning disabilities have strong curiosity and remarkable perception and imagination. Their significant differences in learning mainly lie in the acquisition of knowledge and the difficulties in comprehension and articulation.

In fact even many successful people in the world have learning disabilities, for example, Michael Phelps, the American flying fish and eight Olympic swimming championships winner, have been diagnosed as having attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); the Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew, dyslexia; and other famous politicians, soldiers, businessmen, writers, artists, entertainers etc. also have learning disabilities.

Thus it proves that learning disabilities do not necessarily limit one’s learning and development, so long as one finds his/her own interests and expertise, further develops them, and will eventually succeed.

  • Because learning disabilities cannot be easily detected, students who have not been diagnosed definitely as having learning disabilities are often mistakenly regarded as “stupid” or “lazy” because of their poor performance;
  • They are more vulnerable to other external factors which can reduce their learning abilities;
  • They often have difficulties in keeping up with their peers and are prone to negative self-evaluation, which lead to other emotional distress;
  • Their different thinking patterns tend to get them into difficulties in social interaction;
  • The various learning obstacles cost them more time to achieve significant results, which often makes them feel frustrated, or even negated by the public.

How to Help Students with Learning Disabilities