Visual Impairment refers the defects or diseases occurring to the visual system in the structure or function which cannot absorb or pass adequate information through one’s vision, thus leading to the significant difficulties and limitations in one’s daily life.

Visual impairment can be divided into two kinds: amblyopia (partial blindness) and total blindness. People who are amblyopic still have partial vision but cannot be corrected through spectacles; however, although people who are totally blind have the ability to discern light source, they cannot know well the shape, contour and distance of the object.

Although students with visual impairment can be affected in their movements, daily lives, social interaction and learning, however, they do not differ with ordinary people in other aspects of their development, and some even possess extraordinary memory, hearing, spatial and other abstract concepts.

  • Unable to receive clear pictorial information (such as images, texts, videos, figural images etc.);
  • Unable to write or write slowly;
  • Easily affected by noise and unable to distinguish the source of the sound, thus having difficulties in participating in group discussions or dialogues;
  • Unable to live alone because they cannot see things around them and have a sense of isolation;
  • Easy to feel frustrated and self-abased because they are in need of help, and thus having a sense of cowardliness or excessive self-defense;
  • Due to many restrictions in their daily life, they may also have serious problems in their social interactions.

How to Help Students with Visual Impairment